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Baden-Württemberg

The state of Baden-Württemberg is Germany's third largest state in size and population. It is located in south-western Germany, and is bordered by the states of Hessen, Bavaria (Bayern), and Rhineland-Palatinate (Rheinland-Pfalz), as well as Switzerland and Austria to the south and France to the west.

Germany's Black Forest (Schwarzwald) region is located in the south-western part of the state. This region, along with Lake Constance (Bodensee), located in the southeast, are the state's biggest tourist attractions.

Baden-Württemberg is the center of Germany's automobile industry. The car makers DaimlerChrysler, Porsche, Robert Bosch, and Audi find their home here. Other significant industries include machines, clocks and watches (in the Black Forest region), home electronics, and textiles (Hugo Boss).

Culinary Specialties of Baden-Württemberg

Three regional styles of cooking are found in Baden-Württemberg.

Baden Cooking

Franconian (Fränkische) Cooking

Swabian (Schwäbische) Cooking


Baden Cooking

The region of Baden was a former German state (1806-1945). Today it is found within the German state of Baden Württemberg. Baden is known for the Black Forest (Schwarzwald) as well as being a "culinary paradise."

Cooking in Baden has been influenced by it's neighbors, France and Switzerland. Likewise, the region's fertile soil and warm climate has always
provided an abundant selection of foods, giving locals the ability to create a wide variety of delicacies.

A list of popular foods and dishes in Baden are listed below.

Soups & Casseroles

Kartoffelsuppe (Potato Soup)

Meats
Black Forest Ham (Schwarzwälder Schinken)
Veal Roulade (Kalbsrouladen)

Noodles & Other Side Dishes
Dampfnudeln
Knöpfle (short, round Spätzle)

Vegetables
Spargel (Asparagus)
Kartoffel (Potatoes)

Cakes, Breads, Pastries
Bauernbrot
Hefezopf
Linzer Torte
Schwarzwälder Kirschtorte (Black Forest Cake)
Zwiebelkuchen (Onion Cake)
Springerle
Blechkuchen (a.k.a. Wähe) with various toppings (Plums, Apples, Crumbs)

Wurst & Cheese
Black Forest Ham (Schwarzwälder Schinken)
Blutwurst
Liverwurst (Leberwurst)
Rote

Salads
Potato Salad (Kartoffelsalat)

Beverages
Riesling Wine
Spätburgunder Red Wine

Black Forest Cake
Photo: © Kathrin39 - Fotolia.com







 
Largest Cities
 
The five largest cities (in terms of population) of the state of Baden-Württemberg are listed below.
 
Stuttgart
 
Stuttgart is the capital city of Baden-Württemberg. Its population (as of October 2006) is 592,000, making it the largest city in the state as well as Germany's sixth largest city.
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Stuttgart and its surrounding cities are know for their high-tech companies. Among the well-known companies are DaimlerChrysler, Porsche, Bosch, Hewlett Packard, Kodak, and IBM, who have either their world or German headquarters here. Germany's second largest stock exchange, the Stuttgarter Stock Exchange is also located here.
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Stuttgart's surrounding Neckar River valley accounts for Germany's second largest wine industry. Over 60% of the wine production here is red wines.
   
   
Mannheim
With a population of 324,000 (as of December 31, 2005), Mannheim is the second largest city in Baden-Württemberg. Mannheim is located just across the Rhine River from its neigbor city Ludwigshafen.
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Mannheim is known for its horse-shoe shaped inner city, with streets layed out in a grid format. The city is also known for birthplace of Carl Benz's first automobile in 1886, as well as the first tractor in 1921. More recently, Mannheim has become very active in Germany's music scene.
   
   
Karlsruhe
 
Karlsruhe is the third largest city in Baden-Württemberg, with a population of 285,000 (as of December 31, 2005). The city is bordered in the west by the Rhine River, as well as the German state of Rhineland-Palatinate (Rheinlandpfalz).
   
   
Freiburg im Breisgau
Freiburg, with a population of 215,000 (as of December 31, 2005), is the fourth largest city in Baden-Württemberg. Freiburg is located on the border of the Black Forest (Schwarzwald).
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Freiburg is an academic city, with over 30,000 students attending its university, trade schools, and college of psychology.
 
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Heidelberg
 
Heidelberg is the fifth largest city in Baden-Württemberg. It has a population of 142,000 (as of December 31, 2005). It is located on the Neckar River in Southern Germany.
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Heidelberg is a popular tourist attraction. It is known for its picturesque castle ruin situated on a hill above the river and the historic center of the city, as well as for its historic university.
   
   




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